A few articles ago I made the statement that the theory of evolution contains propositions that are mutually exclusive to Christianity. I want to unpack that here. While I cannot give an exhaustive look at the all the propositions from all the proponents, let me examine a few that I think are somewhat universal. Christian propositions will be labeled with a “C” and Evolutionary ones with an “EV.” In order to be fair to Tom Oord, I will label the theological evolutionary position with “TEV.”
Proposition C1) The Bible is the inerrant word of God.
Proposition C2) God created all things.
Proposition EV1) God does not exist
Proposition EV2) All things came into being mechanistically
Proposition TEV1) Genesis is Allegorical
Proposition TEV2) God created all things with the eventual mechanics of Evolution.
There are multiple hidden propositions in the TEV position but I only need to identify one:
Hidden Proposition TEV1) Genesis is allegorical because (macro) evolution must be true.
Proposition C1 and TEV 1 cannot co-exist unless Genesis is interpreted allegorically. If Genesis is interpreted as having a literal Adam and Eve, a literal Cain and Abel, and a literal Moses, then the world it describes has man and the animals fully formed and functional from their first day of existence. The next question then must be, are there textual markers that suggest Genesis be taken allegorically. Is there a clear limit to the allegory and is it clearly started and ended? In other words, is only Genesis chapter one allegorical? What of chapter 8? What of Exodus and the rest of the books of the Pentateuch?
Genesis is not taken allegorically because the text itself suggests that reading. Now I suppose it could be argued that any story can be allegorical and since the opening Bible narrative reads like a story, it could also be allegorical. However if the Bible is similar to a Suzerainty treaty, which it appears to be in form, an allegorical rendering of the history of God and the creation of man would not make sense.
Genesis appears to be taken that way because Tom Oord and others of his ilk are accepting macroevolution as true a priori. They are insisting that science can somehow posit truth for an un-observable, un-repeatable event and that our understanding of Genesis needs to comport with their view.
Let that sink in for a moment. Science bases it’s truth claims upon the notion of repeatability. How can someone claiming to be a scientist claim true knowledge of a non-repeatable historical event? Oh sure a scientist can examine modern day events and try to extrapolate back with some theory, but they can never know with any degree of certainty what actually happened. It is epistemologically impossible. I repeat it is simply not possible. I suppose I will be accused of not understanding the nuanced difference of extrapolating modern theory and making historical truth claims, but that is another can of worms.
If we consider the basis for the allegorical reading it is because readers suggest that the Genesis creation narrative doesn’t make sense anymore. Therefore the Genesis story must be re-ordered to make sense in light of modern science. This presents a different problem. If someone is willing to re-interpret Genesis in light of evolutionary theory, why not the Gospels and Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection? To arbitrarily claim that science is authoritative in one area is to claim it in all, or be logically inconsistent. So when a scientist argues that human sexual disorders are natural, then we must re-interpret the Apostle Paul. We can’t accept one and reject the other.
Materialism and its account of evolution are completely incompatible with Christianity, the theory of humanity and God. I doubt any Atheist or humanist scholar would disagree with that statement.
Theological Evolution, in trying to compromise the the contradictory views, arbitrarily turns chapters into allegory so as to not feel ashamed of the crazy things the Bible teaches. It is a Gospel issue inasmuch as it is an authority issue. Either God is correct in his account or the faux-science of Tom Oord is.